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格雷格•Asner艾伦珊瑚图集和一个伙伴director of the Center for Global Discovery and Conservation Science at Arizona State University, diving in Mo’orea after a recent bleaching event. (Allen Coral Atlas Photo)

卫星面包的大小 - 以及一些人工智能 - 科学家和研究人员正在努力保护世界的珊瑚礁,以节省和恢复海洋生物。

自缺货以来发射今年10月,艾伦珊瑚地图集has grown to include data from coral reefs across six geographic zones. As the project approaches its one year anniversary, members of the Allen Coral Atlas team gathered at Vulcan Inc.’s Seattle offices on Thursday to present findings and look ahead at what’s possible with the bank of images and corresponding data.

该项目是由普通保罗allen的鸿沟创立的武术的主动性,他是狂热的潜水员,并全力以赴地目睹了珊瑚礁的威胁。地图集被揭幕了just a couple of weeks after艾伦在十月的死亡,继亿万富翁的激情之一以下:preserving the world’s oceans。Microsoft联合创始人构思了珊瑚地图集,以记录并监控地球珊瑚礁的状况。

Reef Ecosystems为数千种鱼类和植物生活提供保护,并作为世界级的旅游景点。但他们面临着气候变化影响的威胁,例如温暖的海洋温度,以及污染和破坏性的捕鱼实践。5月,A U.N.报告警告说,近33%的珊瑚礁形成珊瑚受到灭绝的威胁。

Multiple university partners and research institutionsare collaborating on the coral database, which is comprised of satellite imagery of tropical shallow coral reefs. The 3.7-meter resolution images form detailed maps of the reefs, including their depth and composition, and track changes driven by climate change and environmental factors. Vulcan and its partners aim to create a global map of coral reefs by the end of 2020.

The Moorea Map. (Allen Coral Atlas Image)

项目保存世界珊瑚的关键是地图检测漂白事件的能力,杀死藻类和珊瑚的沥青。万博世界杯官网海洋中的热浪导致科学界与气候变化有关的热事件。万博世界杯官网然而,漂白的行为,例如频率,模式和撞击,仍然未知。

But the Allen Coral Atlas has the capability to unlock data around these events. For example, a sudden bleaching event occurred in French Polynesia last month.

“For the first time ever, we were able to track the bleaching event with our satellites that we’re using and at the same time, get in there with my field team, deploy to French Polynesia and measure the seafloor as it was bleaching,” recounted Greg Asner, a partner on the Allen Coral Atlas and director of the Center for Global Discovery and Conservation Science at Arizona State University.

“在科学历史上第一次,我们将科学数据与这些现场测量相匹配,”他补充道。“它之前还没有完成。这使我们在海底上发生的事情之间的联系,因为发生热水事件......这种过程的模式和生物学。“

这一进步已经归功于艾伦珊瑚阿特拉斯伙伴的全球卫星最大的卫星舰队。该项目部署的数百颗卫星超出了任何组织运营的收集,包括美国宇航局。每天获取这种广度的图像创造了对海洋生态系统的全面视图。

Another factor is the evolution of AI. Asner’s team works with the latest AI to modify the images for scientific use, “to do things like digitally peel back the sea water so we can see the seafloor from these satellites — stuff that has not been possible until now,” he said.

The purpose of the maps is wide-ranging with overarching goals for conservation. Central to the project is the dissemination of coral reef data to local communities who can work to preserve regional ecosystems. It strengthens the data to collaborate with groups invested in the work at a grassroots level.

“这就是为什么将当地人结合起来是如此重要,因为它们比我们的珊瑚更爱他们的珊瑚礁,”澳大利亚昆士兰大学的珊瑚礁珊瑚阿特拉斯合作伙伴和高级研究员克里斯罗·罗斯·罗斯·罗斯·罗西姆

创建最详细的,准确的映射不仅是监视工具的重要性。当区域合作伙伴可以访问数据和地图时,它们可以快速对可能影响珊瑚礁的事件进行反应,无论是船舶接地,漂白事件,天气还是沉降事件。万博世界杯官网

地图还提供对设计海洋保护计划至关重要的信息。来自艾伦珊瑚地图集的数据可以帮助本地群体建立沿海保护区或与政策制定者一起工作,为珊瑚礁创造新的保护。

As the Allen Coral Atlas grows to cover more surface, the world’s reef communities gain new tools to help understand and care for their local ecosystems.

上周活动的其他发言者包括普拉曼的Lauren Kickham;Planet的Andrew Zolli;和海伦福克斯来自全国地理学会,另一个项目的另一个合作伙伴。

In addition to the Allen Coral Atlas, Allen left a丰富的科学项目遗产从中欣赏Allen Institute for Brain Scienceto the伟大的大象普查。He was a vocal advocate for开放科学符合该姿势,艾伦珊瑚阿特拉斯将为非商业科学和保护用途自由许可。

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