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蓝月亮cargo lander
艺术家的概念s the uncrewed cargo version of Blue Origin’s Blue Moon lunar lander. (Blue Origin Illustration)

美国宇航局已选择四家公司收集月球上的材料并将其存储为空间机构的财产,总价为25,001美元。一笔交易脱颖而出:1美元购买可能依赖亚马逊首席执行官杰夫贝斯的蓝色原点空间风险。

Although this sounds like the sort of deal Amazon might have offered on Cyber Monday, neither Seattle-based Amazon nor Kent, Wash.-based Blue Origin is directly involved in the purchase. Instead, NASA accepted a $1 offer from Colorado-basedLunar Outpost根据期望如果冒险可以在空间局的月球上留出样本。

“They propose collecting the lunar material for one dollar — that’s right, one-point-zero-zero dollars — following the arrival of the Blue Moon lander to the south pole in 2023,” Phil McAllister, NASA’s director of commercial spaceflight development, told reporters today during a teleconference.

Previously:Blue Origin Scientics将2023个货物交付给月球的计划

Lunar Outpost CEO Justin Cyrus told GeekWire that his company’s collection system could fly on any lander heading to the moon, and not necessarily on Blue Origin’s Blue Moon lander. But in order to have the $1 deal accepted, Lunar Outpost had to give NASA adequate assurances that it had a technically acceptable plan to collect the sample.

In response to an email from GeekWire, Blue Origin sent a statement casting some doubt on such assurances. “We don’t have a contract with Lunar Outpost,” Blue Origin said. “We would recommend that you check with NASA, as this is inaccurate.”

月球前哨的美元销售并不依赖于与蓝色起源的交易。随着Cyrus的建议,该公司可以与计划达到月球的不同空间公司进行交易 - 例如,天体或直觉机器,Dometics或Spacex..

即使月球前哨不能追随,麦卡尔特指出,NASA的风险将很小。只有10%的购买价格必须最初支付。当样品收集系统启动时,另外10%,并且在收集月样样本之前,剩余的80%不会到期,留在月球上并正式转移到美国宇航局所有权。

That means NASA will be sending Lunar Outpost an initial payment of 10 cents. “Yes, the postage is going to be more than the check,” McAllister told reporters.

The other companies involved in NASA’s advance purchase of lunar material quoted higher prices. NASA accepted a $15,000 offer from California-based Masten Space Systems, which is alreadyscheduled to send a lander to the moon’s south pole in 2022under the terms of a $75.9 million NASA contract.

供应的基于东京的ISPACE和公司的欧洲子公司也接受了。美国宇航局同意从伊萨普斯日本购买5000美元,收集和拟订的所有权转让预定于2022年。与卢森堡的伊斯普斯欧洲相同的相同数量相同的交易。

这两项交易都依赖于ispace农历兰德尔to the moon in collaboration with industry partners.

Mcallister表示,在大约16家不同的公司,提交了22个提案,以回应NASA的征集。他说,14个提案被拒绝,因为他们没有在技术上或经济上判断。美国宇航局选择了四个价格最低的建议,以达到目标购买范围,总计15,000美元至25,000美元。或者更多的美元。

麦卡莱斯特说:“我认为我们可以从四家公司购买农历石巨石,这是一个惊人的令人惊讶的是,总共有25,001美元,”麦卡尔斯说。

Mike Gold,NASA的国际和间际关系助理管理员表示,重新旋转购买计划是一个旨在鼓励月球的商业活动的实验,并支持出于原位资源利用或ISRU的技术开发。美国宇航局希望农历 - 尤其是月球上的水冰 - 可以转换成资源,包括透气氧气和火箭燃料的氢气。manbetx客户端1.0下载

The companies won’t be required to bring the material back to Earth. Instead, they’ll document that up to 17 ounces of lunar material has been set aside — for example, in a receptacle on a lander or rover — and then transfer ownership of that stored material to NASA. The space agency would collect and use the material later.

美国宇航局astronauts could conceivably pick up the samples as early as 2024, when the first crew of theArtemis Moon计划是由于月球南极附近的土地。

“肯定是一个强大的可能性,特别是对于南极发生的活动,我们确实能够收集样品进行分析,甚至可能作为初始ISRU示威活动,”Gold表示。

黄金表示,重新旋转购买实验可以设置先例国际公认的产权不仅在月球上,还在火星,小行星和其他天体上。1967年的外层空间条约规定了对地球领土的任何主权索赔,但美国表示,该条约并不能排除努力提取和占有空间资源。manbetx客户端1.0下载

Update for 3:50 p.m. PT Dec. 3:We’ve fine-tuned the references to Blue Origin’s role, or lack thereof, in the calculations surrounding NASA’s $1 purchase from Lunar Outpost.

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