在他的新书中，“如何避免气候灾难”比尔盖茨扮演类似于可信医生的角色，给予对面临潜在破坏性疾病的患者的预后和治疗过程。他希望我们能够击败这件事，但不能做出任何承诺 - 除了它将成为我们生活的斗争，并且需要沿途的主要科学突破。
The cure: we humans need to cut our emissions of greenhouse gases from its current 51 billion tons annually to zero.
“It’ll be tougher than anything humanity’s ever done, and only by staying constant in working on this over the next 30 years do we have a chance to do it,” said Gates in a recent interview with GeekWire.
比尔·盖茨的历史作为一个作者说阿布t the world’s priorities as it does his own phases of life. In his first book, “The Road Ahead” — released in 1995 and quickly updated to reflect the implications of the Internet — Gates described the impact that personal computers and digital technology would have on our lives. His second, “Business @ the Speed of Thought: Using a Digital Nervous System,” was released in 1999.
The release Tuesday of “How to Avoid a Climate Disaster,” his third book, follows a year in which Gates was in the public eye as much as ever, emerging as an outspoken advocate for science and global equity in the response to the COVID-19 pandemic.
与此同时，人们对超级富豪作为世界不平等象征的高度关注，以及有关盖茨本人的猖獗阴谋论不断蔓延狗万平台尽管一再被揭穿。(The “information superhighway” foretold in his first book would carry plenty of misinformation, as well, it turns out.)
He made clear in our interview that his focus remains on global health, but that he’s also investing more time and money on climate change, motivated in large part by low-income countries’ need for clean energy and the reality that they will sufferthe worst effects一个更温暖的星球。
Over the course of twelve chapters, Gates in his new book explains global warming basics; describes the five main categories of emissions and how they can be reduced; lays out the role of regulations for curbing carbon; covers ways of adapting to a warmer world; gives an overarching plan for cutting emissions, and ends with steps that individuals can take to prevent the crisis (spoiler: the most important one is political action).
As one would expect, the climate book is packed with data, but the tone is chummy and there are moments of self-deprecation. The numbers are presented in context to help readers understand the relative impacts of different greenhouse gas sources and the potential for different fixes to reign them in.
盖茨削减他着名的技术乐观，这为他的一些基金会努力提高了非洲的耕作并改善了美国教育。在a 2010 TED Talk,他详细谈到了新的创新和气候变化，并简要狗万平台提到了政策的作用。
在his book, Gates has adopted a more balanced approach. He stresses the essential roles played by innovation, policy and regulations, and robust marketplaces in driving the creation and deployment of carbon-free technologies. Gates acknowledged that his thinking has evolved from his Microsoft days when he thought policy makers “would only keep us from doing our best work.”
His new perspective? “[W]hen it comes to massive undertakings — whether it’s building a national highway system, vaccinating the world’s children, or decarbonizing the global economy — we need the government to play a huge role in creating the right incentives and making sure the overall system will work for everyone,” Gates writes.
他也认为在我们的谈话。“这是really governments that need to take on climate change as a goal,” Gates said. “No one can do it without all the rich-world governments being part of it.”
Gates also emphasizes ramping up the deployment of existing clean technologies — wind and solar power, electric vehicles and heat pumps among them — as quickly as possible, as opposed to waiting for new solutions.
2015年他launched突破能源企业，1亿美元的基金支持碳尖初创公司。那个倡议，最近提出了another $1 billionfor investing, has evolved into Breakthrough Energy, an umbrella organization that spans six programs, including lobbying for clean tech policies, funding researchers and generating data to support clean energy decision making.
“There are days where it feels like focusing on something that requires global cooperation, changing the regulations of industries that are very critical but most people just take for granted — things like electricity reliability, or steel or cement [manufacturing] — it can appear quite daunting,” he said in our interview. “So unless it’s a priority — and in the U.S. that means a priority for both political parties — then you can you can be very worried that we’re not going to achieve it.”
“I’m optimistic that we’ll make real progress on climate change — because the world is more committed to solving this problem than it has ever been… Even though the pandemic has wrecked the global economy, support for action on climate change is just as high as it was in 2019,” he writes. “Our emissions, it seems, are no longer a problem that we’re willing to kick down the road.”