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比尔盖茨撰写了《如何避免气候灾难》,并与GeekWire谈论了这本书。(图片来源于2021年2月8日GeekWire访谈视频)狗万平台

在他的新书中,“如何避免气候灾难”比尔盖茨扮演类似于可信医生的角色,给予对面临潜在破坏性疾病的患者的预后和治疗过程。他希望我们能够击败这件事,但不能做出任何承诺 - 除了它将成为我们生活的斗争,并且需要沿途的主要科学突破。

盖茨气候书的精装本。

当然,在这种情况下,患者不是个人,而是在地球上的生活,并且疾病是一个面包的星球,因为我们知道它揭幕的世界持续变暖的风险。

The cure: we humans need to cut our emissions of greenhouse gases from its current 51 billion tons annually to zero.

“It’ll be tougher than anything humanity’s ever done, and only by staying constant in working on this over the next 30 years do we have a chance to do it,” said Gates in a recent interview with GeekWire.

“有一些认为这很容易的人将是一个障碍。盖茨说,让那些认为这不是重要的人将是一个障碍。““而且你知道创新是如此难以预测,我们必须追求许多道路......因此我们在排放的每个地区成功的机会非常非常高。”

从科技到健康再到气候变化

比尔·盖茨的历史作为一个作者说阿布t the world’s priorities as it does his own phases of life. In his first book, “The Road Ahead” — released in 1995 and quickly updated to reflect the implications of the Internet — Gates described the impact that personal computers and digital technology would have on our lives. His second, “Business @ the Speed of Thought: Using a Digital Nervous System,” was released in 1999.

The release Tuesday of “How to Avoid a Climate Disaster,” his third book, follows a year in which Gates was in the public eye as much as ever, emerging as an outspoken advocate for science and global equity in the response to the COVID-19 pandemic.

与此同时,人们对超级富豪作为世界不平等象征的高度关注,以及有关盖茨本人的猖獗阴谋论不断蔓延狗万平台尽管一再被揭穿。(The “information superhighway” foretold in his first book would carry plenty of misinformation, as well, it turns out.)

在他的新书中,这位亿万富翁努力以谦逊的态度应对气候危机,承认自己的碳足迹过大,并描述了他为减轻这种损害所做的努力,包括支付绿色航空燃料的费用,以及从一家从空气中捕获碳并加以处理的公司购买补偿。

盖茨写道:“我意识到,在气候变化问题上,我是一个不完美的信使。“这个世界并不完全缺乏富有的人,他们对别人应该做什么有远大的想法,或者认为技术可以解决任何问题。”狗万平台

盖茨对气候问题的深入研究标志着他人生中雄心勃勃的第三章。这位微软的联合创始人创立了一家与计算机同义的公司,这家公司仍然是世界上最有价值的公司之一。比尔和梅林达盖茨基金会是世界上最大的私人慈善基金会。超过540亿美元,专注于全球健康和教育。盖茨一直是鼓励其他富人的人和家庭的领导者在他们有生之年把大部分财富都捐给别人.

He made clear in our interview that his focus remains on global health, but that he’s also investing more time and money on climate change, motivated in large part by low-income countries’ need for clean energy and the reality that they will sufferthe worst effects一个更温暖的星球。

光靠技术是不够的

Over the course of twelve chapters, Gates in his new book explains global warming basics; describes the five main categories of emissions and how they can be reduced; lays out the role of regulations for curbing carbon; covers ways of adapting to a warmer world; gives an overarching plan for cutting emissions, and ends with steps that individuals can take to prevent the crisis (spoiler: the most important one is political action).

他在采访中说:“如果不在全国大多数家庭进行广泛讨论,我们就无法在气候问题上取得所需的进展。”。“所以你必须让很多人参与进来。”

As one would expect, the climate book is packed with data, but the tone is chummy and there are moments of self-deprecation. The numbers are presented in context to help readers understand the relative impacts of different greenhouse gas sources and the potential for different fixes to reign them in.

盖茨削减他着名的技术乐观,这为他的一些基金会努力提高了非洲的耕作并改善了美国教育。在a 2010 TED Talk,他详细谈到了新的创新和气候变化,并简要狗万平台提到了政策的作用。

TerraPower测试
技术人员将燃料销捆绑在Terapower的测试设备中。盖茨在2008年成立的Terapower正在致力于下一代核电。(Terpowers照片)

在his book, Gates has adopted a more balanced approach. He stresses the essential roles played by innovation, policy and regulations, and robust marketplaces in driving the creation and deployment of carbon-free technologies. Gates acknowledged that his thinking has evolved from his Microsoft days when he thought policy makers “would only keep us from doing our best work.”

His new perspective? “[W]hen it comes to massive undertakings — whether it’s building a national highway system, vaccinating the world’s children, or decarbonizing the global economy — we need the government to play a huge role in creating the right incentives and making sure the overall system will work for everyone,” Gates writes.

他也认为在我们的谈话。“这是really governments that need to take on climate change as a goal,” Gates said. “No one can do it without all the rich-world governments being part of it.”

Gates also emphasizes ramping up the deployment of existing clean technologies — wind and solar power, electric vehicles and heat pumps among them — as quickly as possible, as opposed to waiting for new solutions.

在撰写本书之前,盖茨一直在追求其他气候努力。

2015年他launched突破能源企业,1亿美元的基金支持碳尖初创公司。那个倡议,最近提出了another $1 billionfor investing, has evolved into Breakthrough Energy, an umbrella organization that spans six programs, including lobbying for clean tech policies, funding researchers and generating data to support clean energy decision making.

“我们很棒的是,我们越来越多的人。我今天正在和许多慈善家谈论他们可以通过自己突破或休息,”在采访中表示。狗万平台“我和杰夫·贝多斯说话。我们将在一起做一些事情。他显然会这样做一大吨的东西,我很鼓舞。“

Next-Gen Nukes和植物肉类

除了突破能源之外,盖茨在其他人可能已经通过争议或风险投资的地区追求气候解决方案。他是Terrapower的创始人,贝尔维尤,洗涤。,公司开发下一代核反应堆和能量存储能力;已经支持不可能的食物,是一种制造植物的肉类;他的基础是支持有助于低收入国家适应气候变化与弹性作物和牲畜的计划。

不可能的食物在杂货店里的不可能的汉堡。(不可能的食物照片)

盖茨通过“绿色溢价”的概念帮助读者理解部署气候解决方案的挑战。利用溢价,他比较了汽油、水泥或煤炭等碳排放技术与其碳中性替代品的价格。这个想法是,为了让人们、公司和政府购买清洁的替代品,世界需要缩减绿色溢价。

这一切都增加了一个大规模令人生畏和批判性重要的事业。

“There are days where it feels like focusing on something that requires global cooperation, changing the regulations of industries that are very critical but most people just take for granted — things like electricity reliability, or steel or cement [manufacturing] — it can appear quite daunting,” he said in our interview. “So unless it’s a priority — and in the U.S. that means a priority for both political parties — then you can you can be very worried that we’re not going to achieve it.”

然而,在他的书的最后一章中,盖茨提供了一些希望的希望。

“I’m optimistic that we’ll make real progress on climate change — because the world is more committed to solving this problem than it has ever been… Even though the pandemic has wrecked the global economy, support for action on climate change is just as high as it was in 2019,” he writes. “Our emissions, it seems, are no longer a problem that we’re willing to kick down the road.”

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