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Realnetworks'S Safr Arms学校采用面部识别技术。(SAFR照片)

In a unanimous vote, the King County Councilapproved a banon law enforcement use of facial recognition technology, making it the first county in the nation to put such restrictions into law.

周二的9-0投票禁止西雅图地区县行政和执行办公室使用面部识别技术或信息来识别嫌疑人或潜在的嫌疑人。隐私倡导者试图禁止这种技术的使用,因为它在识别嫌疑人,算法种族偏见和感知公民自由的侵犯方面的准确性也是如此。

国王县议会议员Jeanne Kohl-Welles在一份声明中表示,政府机构采用面部识别技术对我们的居民造成了明显的威胁,包括潜在的错误识别,偏见,偏离我们的公民自由的侵蚀。

Kohl-Welles added that facial recognition technology has great potential for misuse. “Our vote today makes King County the first county in the nation to pass this type of ban,” she said.

禁止不限制个别城市,citizens, or schools within King County from using facial recognition technology, only official county government offices. And it does not restrict county investigators from trading information with other law enforcement agencies as long as they did not specifically request information gleaned from facial recognition technology.

总而言之,由理事会批准的立法是“相当无害”,华盛顿大学人以人为中心的设计和工程部门的面部认可专家称为OS Keyes。

Keyes praised the legislation as broad enough to help protect civil liberties while being sufficiently narrow that it does not block legitimate investigations. “It doesn’t limit interagency cooperation,” they said, “and it limits general surveillance on a day-to-day basis. It’s thoughtful and short.”

面部识别技术 - 从启用政府的中央电视台系统到亚马逊的Rekognitionsystem — has become increasingly controversial as privacy advocates assert it is creating a perpetual surveillance state. Amazon and Microsoftrecently renewed their bans on sales of such technology向国内执法。

Keyes, a doctoral candidate at the university, said the legislation accomplishes two significant things, one obvious and the other less so but equally important.

First, it prevents the county from setting up a facial recognition camera system throughout the county. These are not simply video security systems; they are data gathering systems that interpret, analyze, and store facial data to alert authorities about potential suspects. But the tech is not always accurate,特别是当用较深的肤色解析面孔时.

其次,Keyes表示,它有助于停止调查人员之间的秘密电子邮件交流,他们向其他机构发送照片,以通过缺乏技术的部门或已禁止的部门进行面部分析系统。

“他们在过去做到了这一点,以逃避对逮捕令的需要,”Keyes说。“这不是假设的;他们有长邮寄列表,以便在非正式的基础上发送照片。“

在2019年由本网站记录在华盛顿州的非正式邮件列表,专为非正式的法律执行邮件列表,由华盛顿州签订于2019年OneZero.

“跨部门要求......包括至少十几个警察部门的官员,从大organizations like the Seattle police and Pierce County Sheriff’s Department百日洲ofetero据报道,较较小的人像里奇兰和马里斯维尔警察一样。

Keyes表示,新的法案应该防止这种类型的分享 - 至少在涉及到国王县执法。而且,他们说,如果继续,它提供追索权。“它提供了一个行动权,”他们说。“所以那个被训练的人可以起诉。”

波特兰和旧金山等城市已批准此类禁令。美国公民自由联盟华盛顿章赞扬国王县的新限制。

“With this vote, King County joins a growing number of local jurisdictions across the nation that have approved similar restrictions,” Jennifer Lee of ACLU Washington said in a statement.

She added: “Now it’s time for a federal ban on government use of facial recognition to ensure that no one’s civil liberties and civil rights are violated by a pervasive and often inaccurate technology that disproportionately misidentifies people of color and heightens the risk of surveillance and deadly encounters with law enforcement in already marginalized and overpoliced communities.”

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