Trending:Eligible for a COVID-19 vaccine? Seattle techies create site that shows open appointments
State Senator Bob Hasegawa. (GeekWire Photo / Monica Nickelsburg)

Washington state could become a national leader in regulating the technologies of the future, thanks in part to a bill up for debate that would establish new guardrails on government use of artificial intelligence.

On the heels of Washington’s landmark facial recognition billenacted last year, state lawmakers and civil rights advocates are demanding new rules that ban discrimination from automated decision-making by public agencies.账单would establish new regulations for government departments that use “automated decisions systems,” a category that includes any algorithm that analyzes data to make or support government decisions.

The legislation would establish some of the most concrete artificial intelligence regulations in the U.S., which has not substantively tackled the issue at the federal level. Its proponents say Washington can’t wait for federal guardrails because the government is already deploying AI systems with real-world consequences.

If enacted, public agencies in Washington state would be prohibited from using automated decision systems that discriminate against different groups or make final decisions that impact the constitutional or legal rights of a Washington resident. The bill also bans government agencies from using AI-enabled profiling in public spaces. Publicly available accountability reports ensuring that the technology is not discriminatory would be required before an agency can use an automated decision system.

华盛顿的ACLU和其他数字权利组织支持该法案,该法案由参议员长谷川(D-Beacon-Hill)发起。

长谷川称人工智能决策系统是“最阴险的”技术之一,它影响着一月份的“我们每天如何做和做什么”hearing of the Senate State Government and Elections Committee.

“Everything from insurance ratings, to where to locate grocery stores, to you name it,” he said. “The most important disparity is in how it treats people of color. There’s no shortage of data on how those disparities exist.”

该法案的支持者强调了现实世界中人工智能已经在歧视历史上被边缘化的群体的例子。例如,去年春天,当美国司法部下令提前释放易受COVID影响的低风险囚犯时,联邦监狱局计划使用一种称为PATTERN的自动化风险评估工具。根据美国司法部的评估,该算法确定只有7%的黑人男性有足够的低风险提前释放,而白人男性只有30%highlighted by The Marshall Project.

詹妮弗李领导华盛顿的技术和自由项目的ACLU。

“这是一项真正具有开创性意义的法案,”华盛顿科技自由项目ACLU经理詹妮弗·李在接受GeekWire采访时说。

“What this bill would give Washington the opportunity to do is set a precedent, raise awareness of the issue that peoples’ lives are being affected by algorithmic decision making tools,” she added. “Washington really has the opportunity to show that we take AI and algorithmic bias very seriously.”

During the hearing, representatives from the law enforcement and tech communities testified asking that legislators clarify which technologies would be subject to the regulations. They are concerned that standard uses of automation, such as red light cameras or fingerprint analysis, could face an undue burden under the law.

“We absolutely agree the with the goals of this legislation and agree with the need,” said Vicki Christophersen, a lobbyist for the Internet Association. “We just want to make sure there aren’t unintended consequences on uses that are pretty standard: red light cameras, speed zones, the use of identity systems, employee screening criteria on objective data such as years of experience required, those types of things.”

华盛顿警长和警察局长协会的政策主管詹姆斯·麦克马汉说,他预计,对执法人员候选人的例行筛选、DNA和枪支分析都将遵守相关规定。

“We have agencies that will use crime reports [and] algorithms to suggest where we allocate our patrol resources in the highest areas of criminal activity in their jurisdiction,” McMahan said during the hearing. “Many of these, we think we would all agree, are legitimate public uses so we would ask for that continued conversation.”

但一些民权活动人士认为,即使是那些看似无害的用例——比如确定犯罪率最高的社区的算法——也会无意中延续系统性歧视。

李说:“这取决于警察过去在哪里执勤的历史,而不是预测未来犯罪将发生在哪里……这种算法真的可以复制警务中现有的种族偏见,而不是实际减少犯罪。”。

如果颁布,华盛顿将率先在美国实施人工智能监管。少数几个州试图在2020年通过各种人工智能监管,但这些努力都没有成功,according to the National Conference of State Legislatures新泽西州也在考虑一项法案,该法案将禁止自动决策系统在当前的立法会议上对某些类型的歧视。其他州也通过了一些法案,承诺审查或研究人工智能技术将产生的影响。

账单under consideration in the Washington state legislature passed the State Government & Elections Committee last week and has been referred to Ways & Means, which reviews legislation that could impact the budget.

Like what you're reading? Subscribe to GeekWire's free newsletters to catch every headline

Job Listings on GeekWork

Find more jobs on极客. Employers,post a job here.